The following tips will help keep your food safe from harmful bacteria.
For more information, visit foodsafety.gov.
Listeria is a kind of bacteria that can contaminate foods and cause an infection called listeriosis. This is a serious illness that can cause premature labor or death to a developing or newborn baby. To reduce your risk of listeriosis:
Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite. This infection comes from cat feces and raw meat.
Salmonella and E. coli 0157 bacteria can contaminate foods and cause serious illness. Don't eat raw sprouts while you are pregnant because they can be easily contaminated. In addition, follow the tips for safe food handling.
Fish is a good source of protein, contains fatty acids, and is low in saturated fat. However, any fish (store-bought or fresh-caught) could contain contaminants such as mercury or PCBs that can harm a developing baby.
It's best to vary the kind of fish you eat and limit the amount of fish you eat to one to two meals a week.
The amount of fish in a meal depends on your body weight. If you weigh 150 pounds, you could safely eat one-half pound (8 ounces) of fish (precooked weight).
To adjust the amount of fish, subtract or add one ounce of fish for every 20 pounds of body weight:
The Minnesota Department of Health has guidelines on eating specific kinds of fish.
Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Beginnings: Pregnancy, Birth and Beyond, sixth edition, preg-ahc-90026, ISBN 1-931876-25-8
Allina Health's Patient Education Department experts