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Kanamycin (Injection)

Kanamycin (kan-a-MYE-sin)

Treats infections. This medicine is an antibiotic.

Brand Name(s):

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:

You should not receive this medicine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to kanamycin. You might not be able to receive this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to any other antibiotic such as gentamicin, tobramycin or Amikin®. This medicine is not for long-term use. Do not use this medicine if you are pregnant.

How to Use This Medicine:


  • Your doctor will prescribe your dose and schedule. This medicine is given through a needle placed in a vein. This medicine can also be given as a shot into one of your muscles.
  • A nurse or other health provider will give you this medicine.
  • Take all of the medicine in your prescription to clear up your infection, even if you feel better after the first few doses.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid:

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • There are many other medicines that you should not use together with kanamycin. This includes nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines. Make sure your doctor knows about all other medicines you are using, especially diuretics ("water pills") and other antibiotics.

Warnings While Using This Medicine:

  • It is not safe to take this medicine during pregnancy. It could harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.
  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are breast feeding, or if you have kidney disease, Parkinson's disease, or myasthenia gravis. Tell your doctor if you have asthma or other breathing problems, or if you have had an allergic reaction to sulfites (preservatives). Be sure to tell your doctor if you have a history of kidney problems or if you have ever received dialysis.
  • This medicine may cause hearing loss. Call your doctor right away if you notice any changes in your hearing or if you have dizziness, nausea, or vomiting.
  • Your doctor may want to test your hearing regularly while you are receiving kanamycin. Tell your doctor if you already have hearing problems before you are given this medicine.
  • Your doctor will also need to check your blood and urine on a regular basis while you are receiving this medicine. This is to make sure your kidneys are working properly.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Decrease in how much or how often you urinate.
  • Eye movements that you cannot control.
  • Muscle weakness or twitching.
  • Ringing or roaring sounds in your ears.
  • Seizures.
  • Skin rash, or numbness and tingling.
  • Wheezing or breathing problems.

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Mild diarrhea.
  • Pain where the IM shot was given.

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Last Updated: 4/4/2014

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