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Poliovirus vaccine inactivated (Injection)

Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated (POE-lee-oh VYE-rus VAX-een, in-AK-ti-vated)

Prevents infections caused by poliomyelitis (polio).

Brand Name(s):


There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:

You or your child should not receive this vaccine if you or your child have had an allergic reaction to poliovirus vaccine, neomycin, streptomycin, or polymyxin B. If you or your child have a serious illness with fever, wait until you or your child are well before receiving this vaccine.

How to Use This Medicine:


  • Your doctor will prescribe your exact dose and tell you how often is should be given. This medicine is given as a shot under your skin or into one of your muscles.
  • In infants and small children, the shot is usually given in the thigh. In adults, the shot is usually given in the upper arm.
  • A nurse or other health provider will give you this medicine.
  • In children, a total of 4 shots of polio vaccine are given. The shots are usually given at 2 months, 4 months, 6 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years of age. The first dose of this vaccine may be given to infants who are 6 weeks of age.
  • This vaccine is not usually given to adults over the age of 18 living in the United States unless they may be exposed to polio viruses. If you are an adult receiving this vaccine, your doctor will tell you how many shots you need and when you should receive them.

If a dose is missed:

  • This vaccine needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you or your child miss a scheduled shot, call your doctor to make another appointment as soon as possible.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid:

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you or your child are also using a cancer medicine, a steroid medicine (such as prednisone), or receiving radiation therapy.

Warnings While Using This Medicine:

  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor before receiving this vaccine.
  • Make sure your doctor knows if you or your child have a fever, an infection, or any condition that affects your or your child's immune system.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • High fever (over 102 degrees F).

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Pain, redness, swelling, or a lump where the shot was given.
  • Sleepiness or irritability.

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Last Updated: 4/4/2014

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