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Leuprolide (Injection)

Leuprolide (LOO-proe-lide)

Treats advanced prostate cancer in men, endometriosis or fibroid tumors in women, and premature puberty in children.

Brand Name(s):

Eligard, Lupron Depot, Lupron Depot-Ped

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:

Do not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to leuprolide or similar medicines such as goserelin (Zoladex®), histrelin (Supprelin®), or triptorelin (Trelstar®). You should not use this medicine if you are pregnant, may become pregnant, are breastfeeding, or if you have any unusual vaginal bleeding that has not been checked by your doctor. Certain brands of this medicine (such as Eligard®, Viadur®) should not be given to children.

How to Use This Medicine:


  • Take your medicine as directed. Your dose may need to be changed several times to find what works best for you.
  • Leuprolide injection is given by different methods depending on the condition being treated. Sometimes it is injected into the skin or into a muscle. For some conditions it is given every day, for others it is given once a month or every few months.
  • A nurse or other health provider will give you this medicine.
  • You may be taught how to give your medicine at home. Make sure you understand all instructions before giving yourself an injection. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
  • You will be shown the body areas where this shot can be given. Use a different body area each time you give yourself a shot. Keep track of where you give each shot to make sure you rotate body areas.
  • Use a new needle and syringe each time you inject your medicine.
  • Before each injection, look carefully at the medicine to check for any particles or a change in color. You should not use medicine that has changed color or has particles in it.
  • Avoid shaking the medicine bottle.
  • Read and follow the patient instructions that come with this medicine. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

If a dose is missed:

  • This medicine needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you miss a dose, call your doctor, home health caregiver, or treatment clinic for instructions.

How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine:

  • If you store this medicine at home, keep it at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
  • The mixed suspension should be discarded if not used right away. Eligard® must be used within 30 minutes after mixing, and Lupron Depot® must be used within 2 hours after mixing.
  • Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any leftover medicine, containers, and other supplies. You will also need to throw away old medicine after the expiration date has passed.
  • Throw away used needles in a hard, closed container that the needles cannot poke through. Keep this container away from children and pets.
  • Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid:

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using medicine to treat heart rhythm problems such as amiodarone, disopyramide, procainamide, quinidine, sotalol, Betapace®, Cardioquin®, Cordarone®, Norpace®, Procanbid®, or Quinaglute®. Tell your doctor if you are also using medicine to treat depression such as bupropion, citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, Celexa®, Lexapro?, Paxil®, Prozac®, Sarafem®, Wellbutrin®, or Zoloft®.

Warnings While Using This Medicine:

  • It is not safe to take this medicine during pregnancy. It could harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.
  • Make sure your doctor knows if you have osteoporosis, congestive heart failure, diabetes, heart or blood vessel disease, heart rhythm problems (such as congenital long QT syndrome), a mineral imbalance, spinal cord problems, trouble urinating, or a history of brain tumors, seizures or epilepsy, stroke, or other brain problems. Tell your doctor if your child has an allergy to benzyl alcohol before using the Lupron® injection for children.
  • Your menstrual periods should stop if you are a woman using leuprolide. You may have occasional bleeding or spotting. If you continue to have heavy bleeding or regular periods after 2 months of using this medicine, call your doctor.
  • This medicine can cause decreases in bone mineral density, which may lead to osteoporosis or weakened bones. Talk with your doctor about how this risk will affect you.
  • Do not stop using or change the dose of Lupron® injection without checking first with your doctor.
  • If you are using this medicine for prostate cancer:
    • When you first start using leuprolide, your symptoms may increase for a few days. This should clear up as you continue to use the medicine. You might have bone pain, back pain, tingling or numbness, blood in your urine, or trouble urinating. Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or get worse.
    • This medicine may increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain; pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck; confusion; shortness of breath; nausea or vomiting; or sweating.
    • Contact your doctor right away if you have any changes to your heart rhythm. You might feel dizzy or faint, or you might have a fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat. Make sure your doctor knows if you have ever had a heart rhythm problem such as QT prolongation.
    • If you plan to have children, talk with your doctor. You might have to wait for a period of time after you stop using this medicine to attempt to have children.
    • This medicine may affect blood sugar levels. If you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests or if you have any questions, check with your doctor.
  • Tell any doctor or dentist who treats you that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect certain medical test results.
  • Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Bone, muscle, or back pain
  • Change in how much or how often you urinate, difficult or painful urination
  • Chest pain
  • Fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat
  • Fever, chills, cough, runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, and body aches
  • Numbness, tingling, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
  • Seizures
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
  • Swelling or puffiness in your face, hands, ankles, or feet
  • Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
  • Vaginal bleeding that is heavier than spotting

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Acne or pimples
  • Decrease in the size of the testicles or trouble getting an erection
  • Diarrhea, constipation, nausea or vomiting, indigestion, or stomach pain
  • Headache, mood changes, mild depression, or unusual tiredness
  • Hot flashes or sweating
  • Pain, itching, burning, rash, or swelling where the shot was given
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Vaginal itching, swelling, or discharge
  • Warmth or redness in your face, neck, arms, or upper chest

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Last Updated: 4/4/2014

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