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Topiramate (By mouth)

Topiramate (toe-PIR-a-mate)

Treats and prevents seizures and prevents migraine headaches. This medicine is an anticonvulsant.

Brand Name(s):

Topamax, Topiragen, Trokendi XR

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:

This medicine is not right for everyone. Do not use if you had an allergic reaction to topiramate, or if you are pregnant.

How to Use This Medicine:

Capsule, Long Acting Capsule, Tablet

  • Take your medicine as directed. Your dose may need to be changed several times to find what works best for you.You may take this medicine with or without food.
  • Extended-release capsule: Swallow whole. Do not open, crush, or chew it.
  • Tablet: Swallow whole. Do not break, crush, or chew it. The tablet has a very bitter taste.
  • Sprinkle capsule: Swallow whole or open the capsule and pour the medicine into a small amount (1 teaspoon) of soft food, such as applesauce. Swallow the food mixture right away without chewing. Do not store the mixture for use at a later time.
  • Drink extra fluids so you will urinate more often and help prevent kidney problems.
  • This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for a copy if you do not have one.
  • Missed dose: Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
  • Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid:

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Do not drink alcohol for 6 hours before and 6 hours after you take the Trokendi XR? capsule.
  • Some foods and medicines can affect how topiramate works. Tell your doctor if you are using acetazolamide, digoxin, lithium, zonisamide, metformin, other medicine for seizures (such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproic acid), or birth control pills.
  • Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol or if you are using any medicine that makes you sleepy, such as allergy medicine or narcotic pain medicine.

Warnings While Using This Medicine:

  • It is not safe to take this medicine during pregnancy. It could harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, glaucoma, or a history of depression or mood disorders.
  • This medicine may cause the following problems:
    • Eye pain or vision changes, including glaucoma
    • Changes in body temperature, high or low
    • Metabolic acidosis (too much acid in the blood)
    • High levels of ammonia in the blood
    • Kidney stones
  • This medicine may increase depression or thoughts of suicide. Tell your doctor right away if you start to feel more depressed or think about hurting yourself.
  • Your doctor may want to monitor your child's weight and height, because this medicine may cause slow growth in children.
  • This medicine may make you dizzy, drowsy, confused, or tired. Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
  • Do not stop using this medicine suddenly. Your doctor will need to slowly decrease your dose before you stop it completely.
  • Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.
  • Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Blistering, peeling, or red skin rash
  • Bloody or cloudy urine, painful urination, sudden lower back or stomach pain
  • Changes in vision, eye pain
  • Feeling agitated, depressed, nervous, or irritable, thoughts of hurting yourself or others, unusual mood or behavior
  • Fever, decreased sweating
  • Numbness, tingling, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
  • Problems with walking, clumsiness, dizziness
  • Rapid, deep breathing, tiredness, loss of appetite, fast or uneven heartbeat
  • Trouble talking, concentrating, or remembering
  • Unusual drowsiness, tiredness, or weakness, vomiting

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Change in taste or bitter taste
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss
  • Nausea, constipation, diarrhea

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Last Updated: 4/4/2014

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