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Phentermine and topiramate (Oral route)

Pronunciation:

FEN-ter-meen hye-droe-KLOR-ide, toe-PIR-a-mate

Brand Names:

  • Qsymia

Dosage Forms:

  • Capsule, Extended Release

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Appetite Suppressant, Centrally Acting

Chemical—

Phentermine

Uses of This Medicine:

Phentermine and topiramate combination is used together with a reduced-calorie diet and proper exercise to help you lose weight. It is also used in overweight people who may also have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease.

This medicine is available only under a special restricted distribution program called Qsymia™ REMS program.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of phentermine and topiramate combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of phentermine and topiramate combination in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have kidney, liver, or heart problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving phentermine and topiramate combination.

Pregnancy—

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersXStudies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. This drug should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant because the risk clearly outweighs any possible benefit.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Brofaromine
  • Clorgyline
  • Furazolidone
  • Iproniazid
  • Isocarboxazid
  • Lazabemide
  • Linezolid
  • Metformin
  • Moclobemide
  • Nialamide
  • Pargyline
  • Phenelzine
  • Procarbazine
  • Rasagiline
  • Selegiline
  • Sibutramine
  • Toloxatone
  • Tranylcypromine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Carbinoxamine
  • Citalopram
  • Clozapine
  • Cobicistat
  • Elvitegravir
  • Fenfluramine
  • Fentanyl
  • Hydrocodone
  • Ketorolac
  • Nifedipine
  • Orlistat
  • Piperaquine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Amitriptyline
  • Carbamazepine
  • Desogestrel
  • Dienogest
  • Drospirenone
  • Estradiol Cypionate
  • Estradiol Valerate
  • Ethinyl Estradiol
  • Ethynodiol Diacetate
  • Etonogestrel
  • Fosphenytoin
  • Ginkgo
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Levonorgestrel
  • Medroxyprogesterone Acetate
  • Mestranol
  • Norelgestromin
  • Norethindrone
  • Norgestimate
  • Norgestrel
  • Phenobarbital
  • Phenytoin
  • Pioglitazone
  • Posaconazole
  • Valproic Acid

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication, change some of the other medicines you take, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

  • Ethanol

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy to similar medicines (e.g., adrenaline, amphetamine, dopamine, dobutamine, ephedrine, or lisdexamfetamine) or
  • Glaucoma or
  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Bone problems (e.g., osteoporosis) or
  • Depression, history of or
  • Drug abuse or dependence, history of or
  • Eye or vision problems or
  • Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) or
  • Kidney stones, history of or
  • Mental illness, history of or
  • Metabolic acidosis (too much acid in the blood), history of or
  • Seizures or epilepsy, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Diarrhea or
  • Ketogenic diet (high-fat, low-protein, low-carbohydrate diet) or
  • Kidney problems or
  • Lung disease or other breathing problems or
  • Status epilepticus (e.g., a state of epilepsy where you have many seizures in a row and do not gain consciousness) or
  • Surgery—These problems may make a condition called metabolic acidosis occur or make it worse.
  • Heart or blood vessel disease, unstable—Use is not recommended in patients with these conditions.
  • Kidney disease, moderate or severe or
  • Liver disease, moderate—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. If too much is taken, it may become habit-forming (causing mental or physical dependence).

This medicine comes with a Medication Guide. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

Take this medicine once a day in the morning, with or without food. Avoid taking this medicine in the evening to prevent trouble sleeping.

Swallow the extended-release capsule whole. Do not crush, break, or chew it.

Carefully follow your doctor's instructions for a reduced-calorie diet plan and regular exercise. Talk with your doctor before starting any exercise program.

Your doctor should tell you to stop taking this medicine if you do not lose a certain amount of weight within the first 12 weeks of treatment.

It is important that you drink extra water every day while you take this medicine to help prevent kidney stones.

Dosing—

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (extended-release capsules):
    • For weight loss:
      • Adults—At first, one tablet of 3.75 milligrams (mg) of phentermine and 23 mg of topiramate once a day for 14 days. After 14 days, your doctor may increase your dose to 7.5 mg of phentermine and 46 mg of topiramate once a day. Then, your doctor may increase your dose as needed up to 15 mg of phentermine and 92 mg of topiramate.
      • Children—Use is not recommended.

Missed dose—

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage—

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits, to make sure that this medicine is working properly. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using this medicine, tell your doctor right away.

You must have a negative pregnancy test before you will be allowed to take this medicine. You will also be required to have a pregnancy test every month during your treatment. If you miss a period while you are using this medicine, tell your doctor right away.

Do not use this medicine if you have used an MAO inhibitor (MAOI) such as Eldepryl®, Marplan®, Nardil®, or Parnate® within the past 14 days. Using these medicines together may cause serious unwanted effects.

This medicine may be habit-forming. If you think this medicine is not working properly after you have taken it for a few weeks, do not increase the dose. Instead, check with your doctor.

This medicine may increase your heart rate. Check with your doctor right away if you have a racing heartbeat while at rest after taking this medicine.

This medicine may cause some people to be agitated, irritable, or display other abnormal behaviors. It may also cause some people to have suicidal thoughts and tendencies or to become more depressed. If you or your caregiver notice any of these side effects, tell your doctor right away.

Check with your doctor immediately if you have a decrease in vision, blurred vision, or pain around the eyes during and after treatment with this medicine. Your doctor may want you to have your eyes checked by an eye doctor.

This medicine may cause some people to become dizzy, drowsy, or have trouble in thinking or speaking. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert, well-coordinated, or able to think or see well.

This medicine may cause nausea, muscle tremors, fast breathing, problems eating, fast heartbeat, restlessness, and abdominal or stomach pain. Tell your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms. This may be a sign that you may be having a metabolic acidosis (too much acid in the blood).

For diabetic patients: This medicine may affect blood sugar levels. If you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests or if you have any questions, check with your doctor.

For patients with high blood pressure: This medicine may increase risk of lowering your blood pressure. If you feel dizzy, faint, or lightheaded after taking this medicine, check with your doctor.

This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that make you drowsy or less alert). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever, other allergies, or colds, prescription pain medicines, or sleep medicines. Check with your doctor before taking any of the above while you are using this medicine.

Do not suddenly stop taking this medicine without first checking with your doctor. Stopping the medicine suddenly may cause your seizures to return or to occur more often. Your doctor may want you to gradually reduce the amount you are using before stopping completely.

Check with your doctor right away if you have sudden back pain, abdominal or stomach pain, pain while urinating, or bloody or dark urine. These may be symptoms of kidney stones.

This medicine may make you sweat less, causing your body temperature to increase. Use extra care not to become overheated during exercise or hot weather while you are taking this medicine. Overheating may result in heat stroke. Also, hot baths or saunas may make you dizzy or faint while you are taking this medicine.

This medicine may cause your body temperature to go down especially when taking valproic acid, which is a medicine to control seizures. You may have tiredness, weakness, confusion, and abnormal heartbeat and breathing. Tell your doctor right away if you feel any of these side effects.

Birth control pills (containing estrogen) may not work properly if you take them while you are taking this medicine. Unplanned pregnancies may occur. You should use a different or additional means of birth control while you are using this medicine. If you have any questions about this, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

Check with your doctor right away if you are having unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feelings of sluggishness, mental depression or anxiety, nightmares or unusually vivid dreams, or vomiting. These may be symptoms of a serious condition called hyperammonemic encephalopathy.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements (including any weight loss products).

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common
Chest discomfort
convulsions
decreased urine
fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
loss of appetite
mood changes
muscle pain or cramps
nausea or vomiting
numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
shortness of breath
unusual tiredness or weakness
Rare
Blood in the urine
pain in the groin or genitals
sharp back pain just below the ribs
Incidence not known
Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
blisters on the mouth, trunk, scalp, or other areas
blurred or decreased vision
chest pain
chills or shivering
clumsiness
continuing nausea or vomiting
cough or sore throat
dark urine
diarrhea or light-colored stools
dizziness
headache
increase in the frequency of seizures
irregular heartbeat
itching
joint or muscle pain
loss of appetite
low body temperature
muscle aches or weakness
pain in the shoulders, arms, jaw, or neck
red skin lesions, often with a purple center
red, irritated eyes
shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
sweating
swelling of the face
tiredness and weakness
trouble thinking, speaking, or walking
upper right abdominal or stomach pain
weak or feeble pulse
weight gain
yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Back pain
change in taste
difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
ear congestion
fear or nervousness
loss of taste
loss of voice
memory problems
pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
sneezing
stuffy or runny nose
trouble sleeping
Less common
Belching
cramps
decreased appetite
dry eyes
eye pain
hair loss
heartburn or indigestion
heavy bleeding
irritability
rash
stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
Incidence not known
Bloating
false or unusual sense of well-being
feeling that others are watching you or controlling your behavior
feeling that others can hear your thoughts
feeling, seeing, or hearing things that are not there
hives or welts
change in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
severe mood or mental changes
unusual behavior

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 4/4/2014

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