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Esomeprazole (Oral route)

Pronunciation:

es-oh-MEP-ra-zole mag-NEE-zee-um

Brand Names:

  • Nexium

Dosage Forms:

  • Packet
  • Capsule, Delayed Release

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Gastric Acid Secretion Inhibitor

Pharmacologic—

Esomeprazole

Uses of This Medicine:

Esomeprazole is used to treat conditions where there is too much acid in the stomach. It is used to treat duodenal and gastric ulcers, erosive esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Esomeprazole is also used with antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin, clarithromycin) to treat ulcers that are caused by the H. pylori bacteria. This medicine is also used to prevent stomach ulcers and stomach irritation in patients taking pain and arthritis drugs called NSAIDs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, for long periods of time.

Esomeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). It works by decreasing the amount of acid that is produced by the stomach.

This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of esomeprazole for GERD in infants and children 1 month of age and older. Safety and efficacy have not been established for infants younger than 1 month of age.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of esomeprazole in the elderly.

Pregnancy—

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Rilpivirine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Atazanavir
  • Bosutinib
  • Citalopram
  • Clopidogrel
  • Dabrafenib
  • Dasatinib
  • Erlotinib
  • Eslicarbazepine Acetate
  • Ketoconazole
  • Methotrexate
  • Mycophenolate Mofetil
  • Nelfinavir
  • Nilotinib
  • Pazopanib
  • Ponatinib
  • Posaconazole
  • Saquinavir
  • Tacrolimus
  • Vismodegib

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Cranberry
  • Risedronate
  • Warfarin

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Diarrhea or
  • Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood), history of or
  • Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) or
  • Seizures, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Liver disease, severe—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

This medicine comes with a Medication Guide and patient information leaflet. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

Take this medicine at least 1 hour before a meal and for the full time of treatment, even if you begin to feel better after a few days.

If you are taking this medicine to treat an ulcer with an H. pylori infection, take it together with the antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin, clarithromycin).

To use the capsule:

  • Swallow the capsule whole. Do not break, crush, or chew it.
  • If the capsule cannot be swallowed, open it and sprinkle the contents on one tablespoonful of applesauce.
  • Swallow the mixture right away. Do not chew or crush the granules.

To use the capsule with a nasogastric (NG) tube:

  • Open the capsule and empty the granules into a 60 mL catheter-tipped syringe and mix it with 50 mL of water.
  • Shake the syringe well for 15 seconds.
  • Inject or pour the mixture into the nasogastric tube.
  • Refill the syringe with a small amount of water and shake.
  • Flush the tube to rinse all of the medicine into the stomach.

To use the oral suspension:

  • Empty the contents of a 2.5 mg or 5 mg packet into a container with 5 mL of water.
  • Empty the contents of a 10 mg, 20 mg, or 40 mg packet into a container with 15 mL of water.
  • Stir and leave it for 2 to 3 minutes to thicken.
  • Stir well and drink within 30 minutes.
  • If any medicine remains after drinking, add more water, stir, and drink immediately.

To use the oral suspension with a nasogastric or gastric tube:

  • Add 5 mL of water to a catheter-tipped syringe and add the contents of a 2.5 mg or 5 mg packet.
  • Add 15 mL of water to a catheter-tipped syringe and add the contents of a 10 mg, 20 mg, or 40 mg packet.
  • Shake the syringe right away and leave it for 2 to 3 minutes to thicken.
  • Shake the syringe again and inject or pour the mixture into the tube within 30 minutes.
  • Refill the syringe with 15 mL of water and shake.
  • Flush the tube to rinse all of the medicine into the stomach.

Dosing—

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage forms (capsules or suspension):
    • To prevent NSAID-associated gastric ulcer:
      • Adults—20 or 40 milligrams (mg) once a day for up to 6 months. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • To treat duodenal ulcers with H. pylori infection:
      • Adults—40 milligrams (mg) once a day for 10 days. The dose is usually taken together with amoxicillin and clarithromycin. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    •  To treat erosive esophagitis:
      • Adults—20 or 40 milligrams (mg) once a day for 4 to 8 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children 12 to 17 years of age—20 or 40 milligrams (mg) once a day for 4 to 8 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children 1 to 11 years of age and weighing 20 kilograms (kg) or more—10 or 20 mg once a day for 8 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children 1 to 11 years of age and weighing less than 20 kg—10 mg once a day for 8 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children 1 month to less than 1 year of age and weighing more than 7.5 kg to 12 kg—10 mg once a day for up to 6 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.
      • Children 1 month to less than 1 year of age and weighing more than 5 kg to 7.5 kg—5 mg once a day for up to 6 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.
      • Children 1 month to less than 1 year of age and weighing 3 kg to 5 kg—2.5 mg once a day for up to 6 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed.
      • Infants younger than 1 month of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • To treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD):
      • Adults—20 milligrams (mg) once a day for 4 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children 12 to 17 years of age—20 milligrams (mg) once a day for 4 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children 1 to 11 years of age—10 milligrams (mg) once a day for up to 8 weeks. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children younger than 1 year of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • To treat Zollinger-Ellison syndrome:
      • Adults—40 milligrams (mg) two times a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed dose—

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage—

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check the progress of you or your child at regular visits. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to take it. Blood and other laboratory tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects. If your or your child's condition does not improve, or if it becomes worse, check with your doctor.

This medicine is sometimes given together with amoxicillin (Amoxil®) and clarithromycin (Biaxin®) to treat ulcers. Be sure you understand about the risks and proper use of any other medicines your doctor prescribes together with esomeprazole.

Atrophic gastritis (inflammation in the stomach) may occur, especially if you take this medicine for a long time. Talk with your doctor if you have concerns about this.

This medicine may increase your risk of having fractures of the hip, wrist, and spine. This is more likely if you are 50 years of age and older, use high doses, or use it for one year or more.

This medicine may cause hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood). This is more likely to occur if you are taking this medicine for more than one year, or if you are taking this medicine together with digoxin (Lanoxin®) or certain diuretics or "water pills". Check with your doctor right away if you have convulsions (seizures), fast, racing, or uneven heartbeat, muscle spasms (tetany), tremors, or unusual tiredness or weakness.

Check with your doctor right away if you have watery stool that does not go away, stomach pain, and fever while taking this medicine.

Do not stop using this medicine without first checking with your doctor, or unless told to do so by your doctor.

Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal (eg, St. John's wort) or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Incidence not known
Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
bloating
chills
constipation
cough
darkened urine
difficulty with swallowing
dizziness
drowsiness
fast heartbeat
fever
indigestion
joint or muscle pain
loss of appetite
mood or mental changes
muscle spasms (tetany) or twitching
nausea
pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
red, irritated eyes
red skin lesions, often with a purple center
seizures
skin rash, hives, itching
sore throat
sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
tightness in the chest
trembling
unusual tiredness or weakness
vomiting
yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
change in taste
Less common
Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
Rare
Acne
back pain
Incidence not known
Agitation
dry mouth
excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
full feeling
hair loss or thinning of the hair
muscular weakness
passing gas
seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
swelling of the breasts or breast soreness in both females and males
swelling or inflammation of the mouth
swollen joints

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 4/4/2014

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