Skip to main content

Metoclopramide (Injection route, intravenous route)

Pronunciation:

met-oh-KLOE-pra-mide

Brand Names:

  • Reglan

Dosage Forms:

  • Solution

Warnings:

Injection route(Solution)

Metoclopramide treatment can cause tardive dyskinesia, a serious movement disorder that is often irreversible. Risk is increased with duration of treatment and total cumulative dose. Discontinue metoclopramide therapy in patients who develop signs or symptoms of tardive dyskinesia. There is no known treatment for tardive dyskinesia, although symptoms may lessen or resolve after metoclopramide discontinuation. Prolonged treatment with metoclopramide (greater than 12 weeks) should be avoided in all but rare cases where therapeutic benefit outweighs the risks .

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Antiemetic

Pharmacologic—

Dopamine Antagonist

Uses of This Medicine:

Metoclopramide injection is a medicine that increases the movements or contractions of the stomach and intestines. It is used to help diagnose certain problems in the stomach or intestines. This medicine is also used to prevent the nausea and vomiting that may occur after surgery or after treatment with cancer medicines. Another medicine may be used with metoclopramide injection to prevent side effects that may occur when it is used with cancer medicines.

Metoclopramide injection is also used to relieve symptoms (such as nausea, vomiting, heartburn, a feeling of fullness after meals, and loss of appetite) that are caused by a stomach problem called gastroparesis in patients with diabetes.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of metoclopramide injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of metoclopramide injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have side effects such as tardive dyskinesia, confusion, or drowsiness, and age-related kidney problems, which may require an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving metoclopramide injection.

Pregnancy—

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersBAnimal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Amitriptyline
  • Amoxapine
  • Aripiprazole
  • Asenapine
  • Bupropion
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Citalopram
  • Clomipramine
  • Clozapine
  • Desipramine
  • Desvenlafaxine
  • Doxepin
  • Duloxetine
  • Escitalopram
  • Fluoxetine
  • Fluphenazine
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Haloperidol
  • Iloperidone
  • Imipramine
  • Loxapine
  • Lurasidone
  • Maprotiline
  • Mesoridazine
  • Mirtazapine
  • Molindone
  • Nefazodone
  • Nortriptyline
  • Olanzapine
  • Paliperidone
  • Paroxetine
  • Perphenazine
  • Pimozide
  • Prochlorperazine
  • Promazine
  • Promethazine
  • Protriptyline
  • Quetiapine
  • Risperidone
  • Rivastigmine
  • Thioridazine
  • Thiothixene
  • Trazodone
  • Trifluoperazine
  • Trimethobenzamide
  • Venlafaxine
  • Ziprasidone

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Bromocriptine
  • Isocarboxazid
  • Linezolid
  • Milnacipran
  • Phenelzine
  • Rasagiline
  • Selegiline
  • Tramadol
  • Tranylcypromine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Cyclosporine
  • Didanosine
  • Digoxin
  • Levodopa
  • Mivacurium
  • Posaconazole
  • Sertraline
  • Succinylcholine
  • Tacrolimus
  • Thiopental

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Abdominal or stomach bleeding or
  • Intestinal blockage or
  • Pheochromocytoma (adrenal gland tumor) or
  • Seizures or epilepsy—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Asthma or
  • Cirrhosis (liver disease) or
  • Congestive heart failure or
  • Diabetes or
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
  • Mental depression, history of or
  • Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, history of or
  • Parkinson's disease—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (an enzyme problem) or
  • Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) cytochrome reductase deficiency (an enzyme problem)—May increase the risk for side effects affecting the blood.
  • Kidney disease—Use with caution. Effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine in a hospital. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your veins or as a shot into one of your muscles.

Your doctor will give you a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves, and then switch you to an oral medicine that works the same way. If you have any concerns about this, talk to your doctor.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress while you receive this medicine to make sure that it is working properly.

Tell your doctor or nurse right away if you have any of the following symptoms after receiving this medicine: convulsions (seizures); difficulty with breathing; a fast heartbeat; a high fever; high or low blood pressure; increased sweating; loss of bladder control; severe muscle stiffness; unusually pale skin; or tiredness. These could be symptoms of a serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).

Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms: difficulty with speaking; drooling; loss of balance control; muscle trembling, jerking, or stiffness; restlessness; shuffling walk; stiffness of the limbs; twisting movements of the body; or uncontrolled movements of the face, neck, and back.

This medicine may cause tardive dyskinesia (a movement disorder). Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms while using this medicine: lip smacking or puckering, puffing of the cheeks, rapid or worm-like movements of the tongue, uncontrolled chewing movements, or uncontrolled movements of the arms and legs.

This medicine may cause some people to become dizzy, lightheaded, drowsy, or less alert than they are normally. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or not alert.

This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that make you drowsy or less alert). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; prescription pain medicine or narcotics; medicine for seizures or barbiturates; muscle relaxants; or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Check with your doctor before taking any of the above while you are using this medicine.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Rare
Convulsions
difficulty in breathing
fast heartbeat
high fever
high or low blood pressure
inability to move the eyes
increased blinking or spasms of the eyelid
increased sweating
loss of bladder control
seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
severe muscle stiffness
sticking out of the tongue
tiredness
trouble in breathing, speaking, or swallowing
uncontrolled twisting movements of the neck, trunk, arms, or legs
unusual facial expressions
unusually pale skin
Incidence not known
Abdominal or stomach pain or tenderness
black, tarry stools
bluish-colored lips, fingernails, or palms
blurred vision
chest pain or discomfort
chills
clay colored stools
confusion
cough or hoarseness
dark urine
decrease in the amount of urine
decreased appetite
decreased urine output
difficulty in swallowing
dilated neck veins
dizziness or lightheadedness
dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly
extreme fatigue
fainting
fast, slow, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
fatigue
feeling of warmth
fever with or without chills
fluid-filled skin blisters
general feeling of tiredness or weakness
headache
inability to sit still
increased need to urinate
incremental or ratchet-like movement of the muscle
itching of the skin
large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
light-colored stools
loss of appetite
loss of balance control
lower back or side pain
mask-like face
mental depression
mood or mental changes
muscle discomfort
nausea and vomiting
need to keep moving
nervousness
noisy, rattling breathing
painful or difficult urination
pale skin
palpitations
passing urine more often
pounding in the ears
pounding, slow heartbeat
rapid heart rate
redness of the face, neck, arms and occasionally, upper chest
restlessness of the arms legs, hands, or feet
rigid or stiff muscles
sensitivity to the sun
shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
shortness of breath
shuffling walk
skin rash
skin thinness
slow movement
slow or irregular breathing
slow reflexes
slowed movements
slurred speech
sore throat and fever
sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
stiffness of the arms and legs
sweating
swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
thoughts of killing oneself changes in behavior
tic-like (jerky) movements of the head, face, mouth, and neck
tightness in the chest
trembling and shaking of the fingers and hands
troubled breathing at rest
unusual bleeding or bruising
unusual tiredness or weakness
weight gain
wheezing
yellow eyes or skin

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:

Symptoms of overdose
Confusion about identity, place, and time
drowsiness

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Incidence not known
Absent, missed, or irregular menstrual periods
blurred or loss of vision
cough
decreased interest in sexual intercourse
diarrhea
disturbed color perception
double vision
halos around lights
hives or welts
inability to have or keep an erection
itching
loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
loss of strength or energy
muscle pain or weakness
night blindness
noisy breathing
overbright appearance of lights
redness of the skin
sleeplessness
stopping of menstrual bleeding
swelling of the breasts or unusual milk production
swelling of the breasts or breast soreness in both females and males
trouble sleeping
tunnel vision
unable to sleep
unexpected or excess milk flow from the breasts
unusual weak feeling

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 11/4/2014

Copyright © 1984- Thomson Micromedex. All rights reserved.

Thomson & A.D.A.M