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Ketoprofen (Oral route)

Pronunciation:

kee-toe-PROE-fen

Brand Names:

  • Orudis
  • Orudis KT
  • Oruvail

Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet, Extended Release
  • Tablet
  • Capsule, Extended Release
  • Capsule
  • Tablet, Enteric Coated

Warnings:

Oral route(Tablet;Capsule;Capsule, Extended Release)

NSAIDs may cause an increased risk of serious cardiovascular thrombotic events, myocardial infarction, and stroke, which can be fatal. This risk may be increased in patients with cardiovascular disease or risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Ketoprofen is contraindicated for the treatment of perioperative pain in the setting of CABG surgery. NSAIDs can also cause an increased risk of serious gastrointestinal adverse events especially in the elderly, including bleeding, ulceration, and perforation of the stomach or intestines, which can be fatal .

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Analgesic

Pharmacologic—

NSAID

Chemical—

Propionic Acid (class)

Uses of This Medicine:

Ketoprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat mild to moderate pain, and helps to relieve symptoms of arthritis (osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis), such as inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. This medicine does not cure arthritis and will help you only as long as you continue to take it .

In addition, ketoprofen can be used to treat menstrual cramps and other conditions as determined by your doctor .

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription .

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of ketoprofen in children below 18 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ketoprofen in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney problems, which may require adjustment of dosage in patients receiving ketoprofen .

Pregnancy—

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Ketorolac

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Abciximab
  • Apixaban
  • Ardeparin
  • Argatroban
  • Aspirin
  • Beta Glucan
  • Bivalirudin
  • Certoparin
  • Cilostazol
  • Citalopram
  • Clopidogrel
  • Clovoxamine
  • Cyclosporine
  • Dabigatran Etexilate
  • Dalteparin
  • Danaparoid
  • Desirudin
  • Dipyridamole
  • Duloxetine
  • Enoxaparin
  • Eptifibatide
  • Erlotinib
  • Escitalopram
  • Femoxetine
  • Feverfew
  • Flesinoxan
  • Fluoxetine
  • Fondaparinux
  • Ginkgo
  • Gossypol
  • Heparin
  • Lepirudin
  • Levomilnacipran
  • Meadowsweet
  • Methotrexate
  • Milnacipran
  • Nadroparin
  • Nefazodone
  • Parnaparin
  • Paroxetine
  • Pemetrexed
  • Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium
  • Pentoxifylline
  • Pralatrexate
  • Prasugrel
  • Protein C
  • Reviparin
  • Rivaroxaban
  • Sibutramine
  • Tacrolimus
  • Ticlopidine
  • Tinzaparin
  • Tirofiban
  • Venlafaxine
  • Vilazodone
  • Vortioxetine
  • Warfarin
  • Zimeldine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Acebutolol
  • Acetohexamide
  • Alacepril
  • Alprenolol
  • Amiloride
  • Amlodipine
  • Arotinolol
  • Atenolol
  • Azilsartan Medoxomil
  • Azosemide
  • Befunolol
  • Bemetizide
  • Benazepril
  • Bendroflumethiazide
  • Benzthiazide
  • Bepridil
  • Betaxolol
  • Bevantolol
  • Bisoprolol
  • Bopindolol
  • Bucindolol
  • Bumetanide
  • Bupranolol
  • Buthiazide
  • Candesartan Cilexetil
  • Canrenoate
  • Captopril
  • Carteolol
  • Carvedilol
  • Celiprolol
  • Chlorothiazide
  • Chlorpropamide
  • Chlorthalidone
  • Cilazapril
  • Clopamide
  • Cyclopenthiazide
  • Delapril
  • Desvenlafaxine
  • Dilevalol
  • Diltiazem
  • Enalaprilat
  • Enalapril Maleate
  • Eprosartan
  • Esmolol
  • Ethacrynic Acid
  • Felodipine
  • Flunarizine
  • Fosinopril
  • Furosemide
  • Gallopamil
  • Gliclazide
  • Glimepiride
  • Glipizide
  • Gliquidone
  • Glyburide
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Hydroflumethiazide
  • Imidapril
  • Indapamide
  • Irbesartan
  • Isradipine
  • Labetalol
  • Lacidipine
  • Landiolol
  • Levobunolol
  • Lidoflazine
  • Lisinopril
  • Lithium
  • Losartan
  • Manidipine
  • Mepindolol
  • Methyclothiazide
  • Metipranolol
  • Metolazone
  • Metoprolol
  • Moexipril
  • Nadolol
  • Nebivolol
  • Nicardipine
  • Nifedipine
  • Nilvadipine
  • Nimodipine
  • Nipradilol
  • Nisoldipine
  • Nitrendipine
  • Olmesartan Medoxomil
  • Oxprenolol
  • Penbutolol
  • Pentopril
  • Perindopril
  • Pindolol
  • Piretanide
  • Polythiazide
  • Pranidipine
  • Propranolol
  • Quinapril
  • Ramipril
  • Sotalol
  • Spirapril
  • Spironolactone
  • Talinolol
  • Tasosartan
  • Telmisartan
  • Temocapril
  • Tertatolol
  • Timolol
  • Tolazamide
  • Tolbutamide
  • Torsemide
  • Trandolapril
  • Triamterene
  • Trichlormethiazide
  • Valsartan
  • Verapamil
  • Xipamide
  • Zofenopril

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Anemia or
  • Asthma or
  • Bleeding problems or
  • Blood clots or
  • Edema (fluid retention or body swelling) or
  • Heart attack, history of or
  • Heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure) or
  • High blood pressure or
  • Kidney disease or
  • Liver disease (e.g., hepatitis) or
  • Stomach or intestinal ulcers or bleeding or
  • Stroke, history of—Use with caution. This medicine may make these conditions worse .
  • Aspirin sensitivity, history of—This medicine should NOT be used in patients with this condition.
  • Heart surgery (e.g., coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] surgery)—This medicine should NOT be used to relieve pain right before or after the surgery .

Proper Use of This Medicine:

For safe and effective use of this medicine, do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than ordered by your doctor. Taking too much of this medicine may increase the chance of unwanted effects, especially in elderly patients .

When used for severe or continuing arthritis, this medicine must be taken regularly as ordered by your doctor in order for it to help you. This medicine usually begins to work within one week, but in severe cases up to two weeks or even longer may pass before you begin to feel better. Also, several weeks may pass before you feel the full effects of this medicine.

To lessen stomach upset, you may take this medicine with food, milk, or antacid unless your doctor tells you otherwise .

Dosing—

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (capsules):
    • For osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis:
      • Adults—At first, 75 milligrams (mg) three times a day or 50 mg four times a day. Your doctor may increase your dose, if necessary, up to a total of 300 mg a day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor .
    • For mild to moderate pain or menstrual cramps:
      • Adults—25 to 50 mg every six to eight hours as needed. Some people may need to take as much as 75 mg every six to eight hours. Doses larger than 75 mg are not likely to give better relief.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor .
  • For oral dosage form (extended-release capsules):
    • For osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis:
      • Adults—200 mg once a day, in the morning or evening. Take the medicine at the same time every day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor .

Missed dose—

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage—

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to take it. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects .

This medicine may raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. This is more likely in people who already have heart disease. People who use this medicine for a long time might also have a higher risk .

This medicine may cause bleeding in your stomach or intestines. These problems can happen without warning signs. This is more likely if you have had a stomach ulcer in the past, if you smoke or drink alcohol regularly, if you are over 60 years old, if you are in poor health, or if you are using certain other medicines (a steroid or a blood thinner) .

Serious skin reactions can occur during treatment with this medicine. Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms while taking this medicine: blistering, peeling, loosening of skin, chills, cough, diarrhea, fever, itching, joint or muscle pain, red skin lesions, sore throat, sores, ulcers, white spots in mouth or on lips, or unusual tiredness or weakness .

Possible warning signs of some serious side effects that can occur during treatment with this medicine may include swelling of the face, fingers, feet, and/or lower legs; severe stomach pain, black, tarry stools, and/or vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds; unusual weight gain; yellow skin or eyes; decreased urination; bleeding or bruising; and/or skin rash. Also, signs of serious heart problems could occur such as chest pain, tightness in chest, fast or irregular heartbeat, unusual flushing or warmth of skin, weakness, or slurring of speech. Stop taking this medicine and check with your doctor immediately if you notice any of these warning signs.

This medicine may also cause a serious type of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Although this is rare, it may occur often in patients who are allergic to aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Anaphylaxis requires immediate medical attention. The most serious signs of this reaction are very fast or irregular breathing, gasping for breath, wheezing, or fainting. Other signs may include changes in skin color of the face; very fast but irregular heartbeat or pulse; hive-like swellings on the skin; and puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes. If these effects occur, get emergency help at once .

Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. If you think you have become pregnant while using this medicine, tell your doctor right away .

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Abdominal pain
bloody urine
decreased frequency or amount of urine
headache
increased blood pressure
increased thirst
loss of appetite
lower back or side pain
nausea
swelling of face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
troubled breathing
unusual tiredness or weakness
vomiting
weight gain
Less common
Bladder pain
cloudy urine
difficult, burning, or painful urination
frequent urge to urinate
rash
swelling or inflammation of the mouth
Rare
Back pain
bleeding from rectum
bleeding gums
blistering, peeling, loosening of skin
blood in vomit
bloody nose
bloody, black, or tarry stools
blurred vision
body aches or pain
burning feeling in chest or stomach
burning, dry or itching eyes
change in color of eye
chest pain
chills
clay-colored stools
cold hands and feet
coma
confusion
congestion
constipation
convulsions
cough or hoarseness
coughing or spitting up blood
cracks in the skin
dark urine
decreased urination
decreased vision or other changes in vision
diarrhea
difficult or labored breathing
difficulty swallowing
dilated neck veins
discharge, excessive tearing
dryness or soreness of throat
extreme fatigue
fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
feeling faint, dizzy, or lightheadedness
feeling of warmth or heat
fever with or without chills
flushing or redness of skin, especially on face and neck
general tiredness and weakness
heartburn
hives or welts
increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight
indigestion
itching
joint or muscle pain
light-colored stools
loss of heat from the body
muscle pain or cramps
nervousness
noisy breathing
pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
pale skin
pinpoint red or purple spots on skin
pounding in the ears
problems with bleeding or clotting
puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips or tongue
red skin lesions, often with a purple center
red, irritated eyes
red, swollen skin
redness or other discoloration of skin
redness or soreness around fingernails or loosening of the fingernails
redness, pain, swelling of eye, eyelid, or inner lining of eyelid
runny nose
scaly skin
severe abdominal cramping
severe or continuing stomach pain
severe sunburn
shortness of breath
skin rash, encrusted, scaly and oozing
slow heartbeat
slow or irregular breathing
sores, ulcers, or white spots on lips or in mouth
stomach pain or upset
sweating
swelling of face, ankles, or hands
tender, swollen glands in neck
tenderness in stomach area
tightness in chest
trouble in swallowing
troubled breathing with exertion
unpleasant breath odor
unusual bleeding or bruising
upper right abdominal pain
voice changes
vomiting of blood
vomiting of material that looks like coffee grounds, severe and continuing
wheezing
yellow eyes or skin
Symptoms of overdose
Dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly
fast or shallow breathing
pain or discomfort in chest, upper stomach, or throat
unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness or feeling of sluggishness

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Acid or sour stomach
belching
bloated
discouragement
dreams
excess air or gas in stomach or intestines
excitation
feeling sad or empty
full feeling
general feeling of discomfort or illness
irritability
lack of appetite
loss of interest or pleasure
passing gas
sleepiness
sleeplessness
trouble concentrating
trouble sleeping
unable to sleep
Less common
Continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in ears
disturbed color perception
double vision
halos around lights
hearing loss
loss of vision
night blindness
overbright appearance of lights
tunnel vision
weight loss

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 11/4/2014

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