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Fulvestrant (Intramuscular route)

Pronunciation:

ful-VES-trant

Brand Names:

  • Faslodex

Dosage Forms:

  • Solution

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Antiestrogen

Uses of This Medicine:

Fulvestrant injection is used to treat metastatic breast cancer (cancer that has spread) that is hormone-receptor positive in women who have already stopped menstruating (postmenopausal). It is used for women who have breast cancer that has not improved after using other cancer medicines.

Many of the breast cancer tumors will grow when estrogen is available in the body. This medicine blocks the effects of the estrogen hormone in the body. As a result, the amount of estrogen that the tumor is exposed to is reduced, which will limit the growth of the tumor.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of fulvestrant injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of fulvestrant injection in the elderly.

Pregnancy—

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersDStudies in pregnant women have demonstrated a risk to the fetus. However, the benefits of therapy in a life threatening situation or a serious disease, may outweigh the potential risk.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Bleeding problems or
  • Thrombocytopenia (low platelets in the blood)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Medicines used to treat cancer are very strong and can have many side effects. Before receiving this medicine, make sure you understand all the risks and benefits. It is important for you to work closely with your doctor during your treatment.

You will receive this medicine while you are in a hospital or cancer treatment center. A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. This medicine is given as a shot into one of your buttocks muscles.

Fulvestrant injection comes with patient instructions. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

Missed dose—

This medicine needs to be given on a fixed schedule. If you miss a dose, call your doctor, home health caregiver, or treatment clinic for instructions.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that the medicine is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

It is unlikely that a postmenopausal woman may become pregnant. But, you should know that using this medicine while you are pregnant could harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while receiving the medicine, tell your doctor right away.

This medicine may cause you to have bleeding from the vagina, especially when you first start using it. If the bleeding continues or is bothersome, check with your doctor right away.

Cancer medicines can cause nausea or vomiting, even after receiving medicines to prevent it. If you have nausea and vomiting after receiving this medicine, talk to your doctor or nurse about ways to control these effects.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
rapid weight gain
tingling of the hands or feet
unusual weight gain or loss
Less common
Difficult or labored breathing
shortness of breath
tightness in the chest
wheezing
Incidence not known
Black, tarry stools
chest pain
chills
cough
fever
flushing or redness of the skin
hives or welts
itching
large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
pain in the chest, groin, or legs, especially the calves
painful or difficult urination
severe and sudden headache
skin rash
slurred speech
sore throat
sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
sudden loss of coordination
sudden and severe weakness or numbness in the arm or leg
sudden unexplained shortness of breath
swollen glands
unusual bleeding or bruising
unusual tiredness or weakness
vaginal bleeding
vision changes

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Back pain
bladder pain
bloody or cloudy urine
body aches or pain
bone pain
burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
depression
diarrhea
difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
difficulty with moving
dizziness
dryness or soreness of the throat
feeling faint, dizzy, or lightheaded
feeling of warmth or heat
feeling sad or empty
frequent urge to urinate
general feeling of discomfort or illness
headache
hoarseness
irritability
joint pain
lack or loss of appetite
lack or loss of strength
loss of interest or pleasure
lower back or side pain
muscle aches and pains
muscle stiffness
nausea
pain at the injection site
pain in the arms or legs
pelvic pain
shivering
skin rash
stomach pain
sudden sweating
tender, swollen glands in the neck
trouble concentrating
trouble with swallowing
unable to sleep
voice changes
vomiting
weight loss
Less common
Nervousness
pain, swelling, or redness in the joints
pale skin
Incidence not known
Dizziness or lightheadedness
feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
sensation of spinning

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 11/4/2014

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