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Gastritis

What is it?

Gastritis (gas-tri-tis) is when the inside of your stomach is irritated. This illness may come on quickly or it may be a long-term problem. Usually it goes away with treatment.

Causes:

It may be caused by too much stomach acid, drinking alcohol, or smoking. Eating too much or eating hot and spicy foods may be other causes of gastritis. You may have germs in the stomach that are causing an infection (in-fek-shun). Certain medicines may also cause gastritis. Sometimes it is not known what is the problem.

Signs and Symptoms:

You may have abdominal (belly) pain or cramps or an upset stomach. It may be a "burning" pain that occurs 1 to 5 hours after meals. Other signs may be fever, burping, stomach bloating, or chest pain. Your stomach may feel upset or you may have an acid taste in your mouth. You may vomit (throw up), feel weak, or have blood in your BM. Or you may not want to eat.

Wellness Recommendations:

Do not take aspirin, smoke, or drink alcohol. Avoid eating hot/spicy foods or skipping meals when you have gastritis. It is OK to take acetaminophen for pain, but do not take other pain medicines unless your caregiver says it is OK.

Medical Care:

Gastritis usually goes away with diet changes, taking antacid medicine, or other medicines. Antacids help to lessen the amount of acid in your stomach. You may need to be in the hospital for tests and treatments if you have bleeding.

Dietary Measures:

Caffeine may increase acid secretion in your stomach and cause abdominal pain. Do not eat food or drink liquids that contain caffeine.

Herbs and Supplements:

Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.

Herbs:

    Supplements:

      Do's and Don'ts:

      To avoid another attack:

      • Eat and drink moderately. Do not skip meals.
      • Avoid hot and spicy foods or those that you find hard to digest.
      • Avoid drinks that have caffeine (tea, coffee, colas) or alcohol in them.
      • If you smoke, you should quit.

      Other ways of treating your symptoms : Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.

      Talk to your caregiver if:

      • You would like medicine to treat gastritis.
      • Your symptoms have not gone away or improved by these self-help measures.
      • You have questions about what you have read in this document.

      SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:

      • You vomit blood.
      • Your BMs are a bright red or dark black.
      • You become too weak and dizzy to stand up.
      • You have very bad pain.

      Care Agreement:

      You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

      References:

      1. Farinati F, Cardin R, Della Libera G et al: Effects of N-acetyl-L-cysteine in patients with chronic atrophic gastritis and nonulcer dyspepsia: a phase III pilot study. Curr Ther Res 1997; 58:724-733.

      2. Maruyama K, Kashiwazaki K, Toyama K et al: Usefulness of Hi-Z fine granule (gamma-Oryzanol) for the treatment of autonomic instability in gastrointestinal system. Shinyaku To Rinsho 1976; 25:124 (in Japanese).


      Last Updated: 11/4/2014

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