Mitral valve prolapse
What is it?
What causes MVP? MVP is common, even in healthy people. You can be born with MVP or may develop it later in life. MVP may be genetic (runs in the family). Your MVP may have been caused by a childhood illness, such as rheumatic fever. Having certain other health conditions may increase your chance of having MVP. Many times the cause of MVP is not known.
Signs and Symptoms:
You may not know you have MVP until caregivers listen to your heart. Most people with MVP never have any symptoms. Symptoms that sometimes occur with MVP include:
Avoid caffeine, decongestants, medicine that decreases your appetite, or other stimulants. This may decrease MVP symptoms.
No treatment is usually needed for MVP. You may lead a normal active life. An echocardiogram (ECHO) may be done. This is a test that takes a picture of your heart valves. Before having dental care, you may need to take antibiotic medicine. Sometimes surgery or medicine may be needed to treat MVP. See your caregiver every year to check your heart.
Herbs and Supplements:
Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.
Other ways of treating your symptoms:
Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.
Talk to your caregiver if:
SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
1. Clark RW, Boudoulas H, Schaal SF et al: Adrenergic hyperactivity and cardiac abnormality in primary disorders of sleep. Neurology 1980; 30(2):113-119.
2. Lichodziejewska B, Klos J, Rezler J et al: Clinical symptoms of mitral valve prolapse are related to hypomagnesemia and attenuated by magnesium supplementation. Am J Cardiol 1997; 79(6):768-772.
3. Smith MS, Doroshow C, Womack WM et al: Symptomatic mitral valve prolapse in children and adolescents: catecholamines, anxiety, and biofeedback. Pediatrics 1989; 84(2):290-295.
Last Updated: 4/4/2014
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