What is it?
Kidney stones are caused by a buildup of uric acid, calcium, or phosphate in your urine. Not drinking enough water and other liquids may cause you to have kidney stones. You may be more likely to have kidney stones if you have urine infections or gout. Some rapid weight loss diets can also increase the risk of kidney stones.
Signs and Symptoms:
The most common sign of kidney stones is sudden pain in the middle of your back that moves to either side. The pain may come and go and can be very bad. You may see blood in your urine that will look pink or red. It may hurt when you urinate. You may feel sick to your stomach (nausea) or vomit (throw up). If your stone has caused an infection, you may have fever and chills.
Drink 8 or more glasses (soda pop can size) a day of water. This will keep your urine clear and is the best way to decrease having another kidney stone.
You may be treated at home and the stone will pass on its own during urination. You may need an ultrasound or a x-ray called an IVP to look for the stone. A urine and blood sample may be sent to the lab for tests. If the stone does not pass, you may need surgery to remove it. You may need to have lithotripsy to break it apart. With lithotripsy, shock waves are used to break up the kidney stones. Medicine, diet changes, and other treatments may be used to prevent kidney stones. You may have a blood test to check your parathyroid glands if you regularly have kidney stones. If this gland is overactive, it can raise your blood calcium levels and increase your risk of having kidney stones.
Herbs and Supplements:
Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.
Other ways of treating your symptoms : Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.
Talk to your caregiver if:
SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss your treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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Last Updated: 4/4/2014
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