Viral hepatitis A
What is it?
Hepatitis (hep-uh-TI-tis) A is an infection (in-FEK-shun) of the liver. It is called hepatitis A because that is the name of the virus (germ) that causes the disease. There is a vaccine (medicine) that can keep you from getting hepatitis A. If you already have hepatitis A, it is too late to get the vaccine. There is no quick cure for hepatitis A. You may be sick with hepatitis A for 6 months to a year. You may even have your symptoms go away and then return and go away again before the year has passed. Hepatitis A will finally go away and you will get better.
People almost always get hepatitis A from fecal (BM) contamination (kun-tah-min-A-shun). There are 3 main ways this can happen:
There other ways you may get hepatitis A, but these are much less common:
Many people cannot remember how they may have become infected. There is a long time between when the germ entered your body and when you first had symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms:
You may have no symptoms at all or symptoms may appear 28 to 50 days after getting infected. About half the people with hepatitis A do not have any symptoms. Many children have hepatitis A without symptoms. The older people are when they get hepatitis A, the more likely they are to have symptoms. Following are early signs and symptoms:
After about two weeks, you may have the following signs and symptoms:
You are most contagious (kun-TA-jus) (other people can catch hepatitis A from you) in the two weeks before getting jaundiced and the first week after being jaundiced.
If you know where you may have come in contact with hepatitis A, getting a gamma globulin (antibodies) shot may prevent you from getting the disease. You may also get a hepatitis A vaccine series to prevent getting the disease. Good hand washing and hygiene helps prevent the spread of hepatitis A.
You will usually be treated at home. Resting and eating healthy food will help you get better. You should drink 8 (soda pop can size) glasses of water each day. You may need to be put in the hospital for tests and treatment. There is no special medicine used to treat hepatitis A. Do not use acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin unless necessary. Friends and family may get a shot of gamma globulin or the hepatitis A vaccine to keep from getting the disease.
Herbs and Supplements:
Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.
Other ways of treating your symptoms : Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.
Talk to your caregiver if:
SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care will be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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Last Updated: 4/4/2014
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